Apples are a trendy fruit. They contain antioxidants, vitamins, and dietary fiber. They may be beneficial in preventing several diseases and conditions due to their diverse nutrient contents.
Apples are available in many shapes, colors, and flavors. They also provide a wide range of nutrients that can benefit many aspects of one’s health.
They may also help reduce your risk of developing heart disease, cancer, or obesity.
In this article, the weight loss doctor in Houston will explain the nutritional value of apples and how they may benefit your health.
Apples’ fiber, vitamins, and minerals are good for your health. A variety of antioxidants are also found in apples. These substances neutralize free radicals.
Free radicals can be reactive molecules that build-up due to natural processes or environmental pressures. Free radicals can build up in the body and cause damage to cells. This can lead to a variety of conditions, including cancer and diabetes.
Apples contain a range of antioxidants, including:
- Chlorogenic acid
Find out more about healthy dietary sources for antioxidants.
Below are sections that discuss previous research on the health benefits of apples.
Dementia and neurological health
2019 laboratory studies concluded quercetin might have neuroprotective properties. This could be because it inhibits the formation of reactive species. It seems to aid neurons in their survival and function. It could therefore prevent the loss of neuron function in old age.
The 2015 results of a mouse study suggested that high-dose quercetin supplementation could help protect cells against the damage that can lead to Alzheimer’s disease.
Not to be overlooked, however, that the majority of these studies used high levels of quercetin which are unlikely to occur in normal dietary sources. Scientists need to conduct more research on humans before they can prove quercetin’s benefits on neurological health.
A 2000 older study looked at the effects of eating apples for 28 years on stroke risk in 9,208 individuals.
According to the authors, those who ate more apples were at lower risk for thrombotic stroke.
Many nutrients in apples may help lower your risk of stroke. According to a 2017 review, people who eat the most fiber have a lower chance of stroke, heart disease, or both.
Medium-sized apples, measuring 3 inches in diameter and weighing 182g (g), provide 4.37 grams of fiber. This is approximately 13-20% of an adult’s daily intake, depending on age and sex.
What are the health benefits of eating a healthy diet? Find out more.
A 2013 study showed that eating raw apples reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in healthy individuals while drinking clear apple juice had no such effect. According to the authors, the fiber found in apples reduces cholesterol.
Here are some additional tips to lower cholesterol.
Apples contain fiber, vitamin C, antioxidants, and potassium. The following are the benefits of a medium-sized apple:
- 13-20% of the daily fiber requirements of an individual
- 9-this supplement meets 11% of the daily vitamin C requirements for a person.
- A person should consume 4% of their daily potassium requirements
Fiber may help manage blood pressure, reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Vitamin C and other antioxidants may protect certain aspects of your heart health. Vitamin C can also help boost immunity and protect the body against infections and other diseases.
Potassium helps to relax blood vessels, reducing cardiovascular complications and high blood pressure.
What are some other foods that can lower blood pressure? Learn more.
A 2013 population study showed that people who consumed three times a week of fruit juice were 77% less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those who ate no fruit.
According to a 2011 review, people who eat the most fiber are less likely to develop type 2 diabetes. High-fiber diets may be beneficial for people with diabetes.
According to the American Diabetes Association, fresh fruits, including apples, are an excellent way to satisfy sweet cravings and get nutrition. They remind you to consider the carbohydrate content of the fruit.
Medium apples contain 25.1 g carbohydrate and 18.9 g sugar. It also contains fiber and other nutrients. This means that it is a healthy snack.
Antioxidant-rich foods may help to prevent cell damage caused by oxidative stress, which can lead to certain cancers. The best source of antioxidants is the apple.
A meta-analysis that was done in 2016 found that eating apples could help lower your risk of developing colorectal cancer, lung cancer, and breast cancer.
Fiber may also help reduce the risk of colon cancer, according to a meta-analysis published in 2018.
Find out more about the relationship between diet and cancer here.
A 2019 rodent study found that apples contain bioactive substances that could help promote healthy gut bacteria. This may be beneficial for people suffering from obesity.
Researchers looked into how apples could affect rats’ gut microbiota. They found that apple consumption could help people with obesity.
Fiber can help people feel fuller for extended periods, making them less likely to overeat.
Below is a table showing the amounts of each nutrient in a medium-sized raw apple weighing approximately 182g.
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guides for Americans also show how much each nutrient an adult requires. Individuals’ needs will vary depending on their age and gender.
NutrientThe amount in one appleDaily adult requirements Energy (calories). 94.6 1,800-3,000 Carbohydrate (g). 25.1, which includes 18.9 g sugar 130 Fiber (g). 4.4 22.4-33.6 Calcium (milligrams [mg]). 10.9 1,000-1,300 Phosphorus (mg). 20 700 Magnesium (mg). 9.1 320-420 Potassium (mg) 195 4,700 Vitamin C (mg) 8.37 75-90 Folate (micrograms [mcg]). 5.46 400 Choline 6.19 425-550 Beta-carotene (mcg) 49.1 No data Lutein (mcg), zeaxanthin, and lutein 52.8 No data Vitamin K (mcg) 4 90-120
Applies to provide iron, vitamin A, some B vitamins, and vitamin E.
Recipes and tips for diet
There are many types of apples and different ways to eat them.
They can be eaten raw as applesauce, chopped into salads, or baked whole in pies, pastries, and cakes.
Some of the most popular apple varieties are:
McIntosh – A red, juicy apple with tender, white flesh and a tangy taste.
Red delicious: A crisp, juicy red apple.
Fuji – It is yellow and red with firm, sweet flesh.
Granny Smith – A green apple with crisp green flesh and sharp flavors.
Golden Delicious A yellow apple with mild, sweet flavors.
Although preferences vary, many prefer tart, tangy apple juice for apple pie or applesauce. Try pairing tart apples with sweeter ones when cooking or adding spices to offset the sharpness.
These are some apple recipes:
- Sugar-free applesauce
- Stuffed baked apples that are sugar-free
- Balsamic vinaigrette for apple walnut salad
- Muffins made with carrot and apple sugar-free
Considerations and risks
Although eating an apple is unlikely to cause serious side effects, some people might need to be careful.
Below are some possible risks associated with eating apples.
Apple seeds contain cyanide. Although it is unlikely that eating whole seeds will cause any harm, chewing and swallowing large quantities of them could pose a danger. Find out more.
Apples can cause allergic reactions in some people. If you experience hives, swelling, or difficulty breathing, you must seek medical attention immediately.
It could be life-threatening if it progresses into anaphylaxis. Learn more about apple allergies here.
There was once a belief that eating an apple would remove plaque from your teeth. Studies have not shown any strong evidence for this. This effect is more likely to occur if you brush your teeth frequently.
The acidity of apples may also cause plaque. After eating an apple, it is important to rinse your mouth with water and brush your teeth.
Children and adults with difficulty swallowing and older adults may be at risk of choking on apple pieces. Unsweetened applesauce or other types of cooked apple might be a better choice.
Which are the ten most healthful foods? Learn more.
Do I have to eat the apple’s skin?
Yes! Yes! To get the full benefits of the entire fruit’s nutrients, it is best to eat the peels, which can be found in apples, pears, and other fruits. The fiber and overall nutritional content of apples will be decreased by peeling them.
Research has shown that the flesh and the peel are very nutritious. However, the peel contains flavonoid antioxidants which the flesh doesn’t.
One study also showed that apple peel had significantly more antioxidant activity than flesh. This was true regardless of what type of apple it was.
To get the best out of your apple, peel it. To reduce the risk of inhaling pesticides or other contaminants, wash the apple well before eating it.